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Theoretical and Applied Economics
No. 9 / 2012 (574)

Corruption, democracy and bureaucracy

Aviral Kumar TIWARI
ICFAI University, Tripura, India

Abstract. This paper examines the relationship of corruption with democracy and bureaucracy in the 82 countries in a panel framework. For the analysis we use rule of law, regulatory quality, control over corruption and secondary school enrollment ratio as control variables. We find that democracy, rule of law and control over corruption decreases the level of corruption. When we allowed for interaction effect among independent variables we find the evidence of strong interaction effect between all of the explanatory variables. We also find that, surprisingly, higher democracy and rule of law are positively associated with the level of corruption while higher bureaucracy negatively.

Keywords: corruption; democracy; bureaucracy; panel data.

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