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Theoretical and Applied Economics
No. 9 / 2013 (586)

Harmonization process in defining small and medium-sized enterprises. Arguments for a quantitative definition versus a qualitative one

The Bucharest University of Economic Studies

Abstract. Harmonization process of the definition and financial reporting of small and medium-sized enterprises is still a challenge for European and international organizations and institutions. Analysing the definitions of SMEs issued by European Commission, World Bank, OECD, the definitions used within a couple of countries and other studies regarding this aspect, it concluded that is not yet a consensus regarding the definition of the small and medium-sized enterprises. The various criteria used to classify the enterprises in the category of SMEs, different thresholds, the economic activity and economic context of each country are the main factors which interfere with the existence of one international available quantitative definition for small and medium-sized enterprises.

Keywords: small and medium-sized enterprise (SME); quantitative criteria; qualitative criteria, harmonization process, financial reporting.

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