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Theoretical and Applied Economics
No. 1 / 2006 (496)

Testing the Informational Efficiency on the Romanian Financial Market

Bogdan Dima
Marilen Pirtea
Aurora Murgea
Universitatea de Vest Timisoara

Abstract. The classical models of portfolio selection could not be applied on a market were the efficient market hypothesis is not valid (at least in a "weak" sense). The aim of this paper is to enlighten the difficulties of portfolio construction in a financial market with institutional and structural deficiencies, like the Romanian one, and to propose an alternative approach to the problem. The main features of our analysis are: 1) an empirical test for the efficient market hypothesis in the Romanian financial market case; 2) a critical distinction between the concept of "risk" and the concept of "incertitude"; 3) the use of the individual yield/risk ratio versus the market one as a selection variable; 4) the renouncement at the use in the selection procedure of an "non-risky" asset; 5) an example of the proposed selection procedure. The output of this approach could be resumed by the thesis that, even in a situation when the financial market is affected by severe disfunctions, there is a possibility to build an "optimal" portfolio based on a yield-risk arbitrage inside an efficiency frontier and to obtain a "good" schema of an financial placement, in spite of the limited possibilities for a efficient portfolio management.

Keywords: non-efficient financial market; portfolio selection; risk; incertitude.

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