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Theoretical and Applied Economics
No. 1 / 2006 (496)

The Deadlock of Sustainable Development

Mircea Dutu
Universitatea Ecologica Bucuresti

Abstract. The offensive of “total capitalism” and the worsening of global ecological problems sharpen the concern to identify and promote new development directions capable to make compatible its four essential dimensions: economic, social, environmental, and cultural. In front of the announced failure of the “sustainable development” concept due to the conversions of its meanings, a concept stated with great expectations of success more than a quarter of a century ago, new perspectives are sought to overcome the deadlock. The thesis of a society of decrease (which requires exit-ting the capitalism) or that of sustainable decrease (made possible by mitigating the over-consumption and over-production trends) are among the radical approaches. In order to solve this problem in the context of maintaining the capitalistic project, three other concepts are put forward: the sustainable adaptability, the eco-compatible capitalism, and the society of moderation. Eventually, the most radical option is formulated by E. Morin: to abandon the “development” term and to overcome its imperfections by assuming two fundamental ideas: a policy of humanity combined with another one of planetary civilization. Anyhow, a new paradigm of evolution is absolutely necessary.

Keywords: sustainable development; total capitalism; society of moderation; adaptability; eco-compatible capitalism.

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