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Theoretical and Applied Economics
No. 6 / 2009 (535)

The Forest of Romania: a Social - Economic's Dramma

Toma Roman
Academy of Economic Studies, Bucharest

Abstract. Forests were covering at the start of the third millennium around 26.5% of Romania's territory. Comprised into forest zones expanded in all historical provinces of the country, they are representing an important economic resource, an also an essential factor of the man-environment equilibrium. The organization of the rational exploitation of the forestry fund, adopted ever since the XIX Century, was abandoned after the forests nationalization, imposed by the communist regime in 1948. Urbanization and industrialization, held in view by this regime, did not take into account the ecological requirements and neither those linked to the renewal of the natural economic resources. The transition coming after the fall of communism, with pervert economic, psychological and sociological effects, has led to a savage exploitation of the forestry fund, the lack of some compensation measures (re-forestations, young forest protection), under the context of statal authority's dissolution (after the excessive communist authoritarism), having catastrophic consequences: land slides, desertification, pollution. The remake of the forest ownership structure, from before nationalization, is not, as a consequence, sufficient, the putting into possession having to be accompanied, in the goal of remaking the natural harmony of man with his existential environment, by a series of economic, legislative, educational initiatives, which the EU integration could facilitate.

Keywords: forest; forestry fund; forestry ownership; de-forestation-cutting; nationalization-re-putting into possession; desertification-pollution; social and economic crisis; man-Nature equilibrium.

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