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Theoretical and Applied Economics
No. 4 / 2014 (593)

The role of small and medium enterprises and poverty in Pakistan: An empirical analysis

Sharafat ALI
Government Post Graduate College Kot Sultan, Layyah, Pakistan
Humayun RASHID
Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad, Pakistan
Muhammad Aamir KHAN
PMAS Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan

Abstract. The role of Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) is very important in economic growth, employment generation and poverty alleviation. Annual time series data has been used to examine the impact of SMEs on poverty in Pakistan for the period between 1972 and 2007. Log-linear autoregressive model has been estimated by Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) method using one year previous value of HCR as explanatory variable. The results of the study confirm a strong and negative impact of small scale industries’ output on poverty levels in Pakistan. The economic policy makers must focus on the establishment of formal financial markets to overcome the financial constraints faced by the SME sector in Pakistan. Simplification of lending procedures, enforcement of credit rights, and reduction in credit costs would be helpful for the establishment of robust SME sector in Pakistan.

Keywords: poverty, small and medium enterprises, income inequality, population growth.

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