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Theoretical and Applied Economics
No. 1 / 2006 (496)

„Uthopia – The Castle with Dreams and Hopes”

Dan Popescu
Universitatea Lucian Blaga Sibiu

Abstract. Can social order bring happiness to individuals? The affirmative answer to the question, that one to invent a world where conflicts and inequality be abolished and people reconciliated has always meant to be the great project of the utopians. An ideal fortress and most often a totalitarian one. Now, the term “utopian” is mostly within the polemic register often “denouncing” the artificial nature of a regime, which promises, without having a real basis, the artificial nature of some activities, of some measures of the same type. To interpret the “ideal fortress” in this way means to brutally banish the dreams of people, their aspirations. We are not only flesh and blood made but made of the ideal, feelings too and they have to come first mostly. Therefore, “the utopia” can be a useful element of report in examining, splitting and the refinement of the passing tendencies of the human being in order to get the ideal nearer to the possible as much as possible. A positive valence. With such social controversies and clarifications at the same time, are we entitled to have absolute, definitive judgements? Then we have tried to bring out only the beauty of the dream with its “overdose” of getting out of reality and we have let definitive judgements to belong to reality forever. Therefore we had in mind Thomas More, le Campanella, le Etienne Corbet, la Morelly, le Saint Simon, Robert Owen, Charles Fourier and Theodor Diamant.

Keywords: uthopia; collective happiness; providence state; utopian socialism; new-harmony.

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