HomeDespre ECTAEventsPolitica editorialaTrimite un articolParteneri / link-uri utileArchiveAbonamentContact

ISSN 1841-8678   (print)
ISSN 1844-0029   (online)


Archive ECTAP

Note: for the period 1994-2003 the archive of the magazine will not be available online

Supplements ECTAP

If you cannot open the pdf file you need Adobe Reader.
download Adobe Reader

Creative Commons License

Theoretical and Applied Economics
No. 9 / 2013 (586)

Underdevelopment's gravitation

„The energy necessary to escape the gravitational pull of underdevelopment and to enter an evolutional trajectory dependent on the gravitational pull of development is unintelligible in economic terms.”

As it is shown by the global statistics, underdevelopment has a stronger gravitational pull than development. There is no other explanation for the constantly high ratio of the population finding themselves bellow the line of income standards and quality of life accepted as normal by the civilized world. The realm of poverty absorbs, as if by force of gravity, the most part of the planet's inhabitants within its sphere of influence.

We have no genetic explanation, while geography is also unconvincing in attempting an answer. History perpetuates myths. Anthropology puts forth the founding folklore. Sociology doesn't go beyond measuring the surface.

Against general belief, the state of the world experiences shuffles in the long term whose causal explanation is not all too clear. The rule of change proves confusing within the framework of rationality, while its ethical aspect marginally structures behaviours. In consternation, fleeing from the norms seems to have been the winner throughout history. Breaking ranks appears as an option, which when emotionally accepted for bearing the risk of failure in progressive contexts, often leads to the prize of an innovative horizon.

Operations regulated by the global framework do not lead to the same result that everyone expects. Addition and multiplication are the methods of calculation which make sense for the conservation of the power obtained by subtracting and dividing global wealth. Cynicism is intrinsic to the system of calculation. People either use, or are being used by the system. Except that some can create the system, with the others being naturally a part of it.

The gravitational law of development operates for large masses or for unleashed energies. The understanding of the positioning in the development's universe is proven to be a calculation problem in which only the rule of will functions. The explanation is unbeatable in terms of order. From a social point of view the configuration of the world is unequal, while being utopian at the individual level, with freewill being irrelevant to the law of large numbers.

What is certain is that the energy necessary to escape the gravitational pull of underdevelopment and to enter an evolutional trajectory dependent on the gravitational pull of development is unintelligible in economic terms. Attempting to judge reality within the framework of political perspectives will only lead to the confusion of correctitude. Alterity in policy does not appear to strive toward breaking the precepts of mainstream theory.

The group of the seven developed nations is the expression of the state of segregation in the universe of wealth. Beyond the materiality represented by the development of G7 there's the extended space which is specific to dark matter and energy, in economic terms the Physics suggestion having the consistency of poverty. We could say as such that dark matter and energy are being deduced from the effects of the emergence of the countries which, by joining G7, make up G20. Of course, the perception of the G13 differential is the critical interface of what is the much more expansive G189 to the solidity of the developed nations group. The Scruton-Fergusonian expression of the west and the rest, which does not completely define the G7/G189 ratio, exhibits the segregationist ethos of wealth and poverty in the structure of the world.

In geopolitical terms the mainstream theory proves to be the reverse of its logical suggestions: the perverted vehicle of the status quo conservation of societal structures. The reality is that the world remains stratified, with development laid on the over enlarged pedestal of underdevelopment. The Smithian idealism of the wealth of nations did not displace - in a relativistic statistical way at least - the all-encompassing reality of the wealth and poverty of nations, to use the Landesian word of warning.

Built today on the neoliberal axioms of the Washington Consensus, the leading vision generates development parsimoniously. In time development occurred only where there had been non-liberal behaviours and decisions. In the area where underdevelopment needs to be overcome, the policies built on the main theory generate slowdown effects in reaching the distinct development milestones.

The unexpected effects of the economic crisis reveal the fact that the natural interactions in the human actional field trigger a virus escaped from the laboratories of ideologies centred on the power of wealth. The constitutive values of the modern world are thus redefined in terms of prevalence, even though it's rather a case of dependency on a vertical of geopolitical arrangements. Justice is no longer fulfilled as freedom, because progress and tolerance have meaning only for power, as an equivalent of wealth. With governance having become corporate, efficiency interrupts the supply of equity.

Conceiving a development strategy in the context of neoliberal constraints is not a theme of Economics, regardless of the amount of inspiration and dedication put into its resolution. The present structure of the world turns development into a geopolitical problem of the global order. Development is today the number one political issue whose solving must be achieved while acknowledging the closest of encounters with the apocalypse.

In this context, the reality of the deepening disparities between the developed and the developing nations which have adopted the vision of the Washington Consensus is shown to be a source for the collapse of peaceful coexistence.


Underdevelopment's gravitation
Marin Dinu

Open acces




The Economicity. The Epistemic Landscape, Marin Dinu, 2016


ISSN 1841-8678 (ediția print) / ISSN 1844-0029 (ediția online)
© Copyright Asociația Generală a Economiștilor din România / Editura Economică
Redacția: Oficiul poștal 18, Ghișeul 3 - Căsuța poștală 31, București 014820, E-mail:

© 1994-2024 Theoretical and Applied Economics