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Theoretical and Applied Economics
No. 3 / 2023 (636), Autumn

Impact of FDI and energy consumption on the agricultural productivity of BRICS nations

Sanjay Kumar PATEL
School of Commerce & Management Central University of Rajasthan, India
Devashish JOSHI
School of Commerce & Management Central University of Rajasthan, India

Abstract. Agricultural development is essential for world trade and the global economy. This research investigates the relationship between Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and fossil fuel energy consumption with agricultural productivity (AP). The study used the panel data of BRICS nations from 1991-2019. For data analysis, panel regression analysis along with descriptive statistics was used. The study’s findings are that FDI and FFEC significantly influence the AP of BRICS nations. The FFEC has a positive influence on the AP, while FDI has a negative influence on the AP of BRICS nations. Further, the results revealed that trade openness and gross capital formation have a weak but significant influence on agricultural productivity.

Keywords: agricultural productivity, BRICS nations, FDI, panel regression analysis, FFEC.

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